Jueves, 23 de Marzo de 2017
15:30 - 16:30
Santiago CESS, Concha y Toro 32C, Santiago
Peer effects in After-school programs. Evidence from El Salvador
This paper studies the impact of After-School Clubs on students’ academic results and violence-related outcomes, using an experimental design. Participants are enrolled in schools located in highly violent communities in a developing country. The premise is that clubs improve children’s ability to handle conflicts, which also allows them to improve their protection factors and academic performance. Then, randomly assigning students in heterogeneous (non-tracking) or homogeneous (tracking) groups according to their predicted violence level, this paper measures peer effects on academic and non-cognitive outcomes. As results, I find positive effect of the program on grades and behavior. Also a reduction in their self- and external reports of students’ violence and delinquency actions. Finally, I find a reduction in their perception of exposition to risky environments outside school. These results are driven by the homogeneous group, but I find no impact differences due to the group composition. Finally, I find differences in terms of gender and the predicted initial level of violence. With these results, I will contribute to the design and implementation of public policies to prevent violence in children and adolescents involved in highly risky school environments.